In the period from January to June 2016, there were 288 cruises of foreign ships in the Republic of Croatia, which is 2 percent more than in the same period last year, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS).There were a total of 371.656 passengers on board, which is 20,5 thousand more than last year at the same time, and on average they stayed 2 days. Also, the total number of days of stay is 689 days and is higher by 12,2 percent. Compared to the same period in 2015, the number of trips increased by 1,8%, and the number of passengers who entered the Republic of Croatia in this way increased by 5,9%. The total number of days the ship spent in the same period increased by 12,2 percent.In the structure of cruises of foreign ships, most foreign ships on cruises recorded the first entry into the territorial sea of the Republic of Croatia in Dubrovnik-Neretva (63,2%) and Split-Dalmatia County (21,5%), which is a total of 84,7% . The other 15,3% of foreign cruise ships recorded their first entry into the territorial sea of the Republic of Croatia in the other five counties: Zadar (6,3%), Istria (5,6%), Šibenik-Knin (2,4%), Primorje-Gorski Kotar (0,7%) and Lika-Senj (0,3%).Read the full CBS report here
Researchers monitoring African bonobos have found the animals to be playing host to a previously unknown malaria parasite.Though malarial parasites are known to be endemic in African chimpanzees and gorillas, the parasite has not been found in wild bonobos. The absence has previously been described as a mystery, because bonobos should be just as susceptible to various Plasmodium parasites as other non-human primates, and malaria has been described in captive populations of the animals.Now, by sampling more bonobos in geographically diverse settings, scientists writing in Nature Communication show that bonobos harbor a new species of malaria parasite, called Plasmodium lomamiensis. The parasite is a previously unknown Laverania species, which are closely related to P falciparum, one of the parasites that causes human malaria infections.The researchers tested 1,556 fecal samples from 11 sites along the rain forests of the Congo Basin in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). They found high levels of Laverania in a remote area called Tshuapa-Lomami-Lualaba in the eastern part of the DRC.”Not finding any evidence of malaria in wild bonobos just didn’t make sense, given that captive bonobos are susceptible to this infection,” said Beatrice Hahn, MD, a professor of microbiology in the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, in a press release.In addition to finding P lomamiensis, the researchers also isolated P gaboni, formerly found only in chimpanzees, in bonobo samples from the remote area. But they were surprised that the bonobos carrying the parasite were so geographically isolated.”Analyses of climate data and parasite seasonality, as well as host characteristics, including bonobo population structure, plant consumption and faecal microbiome composition, failed to provide an explanation for this geographic restriction,” the authors write. “Thus, other factors must be responsible for the uneven distribution of bonobo Plasmodium infections, including the possibility of a protective mutation that has not spread east of the Lomami River.”Understanding what, if any protective mutations might be guarding most African bonobos from malaria could be a key insight into how the parasite can be eliminated from human populations, the researchers wrote.Insight into human malarial diseaseHahn and her co-authors suggest that wider testing of bonobos and all non-human primate species in Africa should be undertaken to predict how various malarial parasites could infect human populations.”While ape Laverania parasites have not yet been detected in humans, it seems clear that the mechanisms governing host specificity are complex and that some barriers are more readily surmountable than others,” the authors write. “Given the new bonobo data, it will be critical to determine exactly how P. praefalciparum was able to jump the species barrier to humans, in order to determine what might enable one of the other ape Laverania parasites to do the same.”See also:Nov 21 Nat Commun studyNov 21 University of Penn press release
Adhesion between the silica tip of an atomic force microscope and adhesive fibers Shellfish such as mussels and barnacles secrete very sticky proteins that help them cling to rocks or ship hulls, even underwater. Inspired by these natural adhesives, a team of MIT engineers has designed new materials that could be used to repair ships or help heal wounds and surgical incisions. To create their new waterproof adhesives, the MIT researchers engineered bacteria to produce a hybrid material that incorporates naturally sticky mussel proteins as well as a bacterial protein found in biofilms — slimy layers formed by bacteria growing on a surface. When combined, these proteins form even stronger underwater adhesives than those secreted by mussels.This project, described in the September 21 issue of the journal Nature Nanotechnology, represents a new type of approach that can be exploited to synthesize biological materials with multiple components, using bacteria as tiny factories.“The ultimate goal for us is to set up a platform where we can start building materials that combine multiple different functional domains together and to see if that gives us better materials performance,” said Timothy Lu, an associate professor of biological engineering and electrical engineering and computer science (EECS) and the senior author of the paper.The paper’s lead author is Chao Zhong, a former MIT postdoc who is now at ShanghaiTech University. Other authors are graduate student Thomas Gurry, graduate student Allen Cheng, senior Jordan Downey, postdoc Zhengtao Deng, and Collin Stultz, a professor in EECS.The sticky substance that helps mussels attach to underwater surfaces is made of several proteins known as mussel foot proteins.“A lot of underwater organisms need to be able to stick to things, so they make all sorts of different types of adhesives that you might be able to borrow from,” Lu said.Scientists have previously engineered E. coli bacteria to produce individual mussel foot proteins, but these materials do not capture the complexity of the natural adhesives. In the new study, the MIT team wanted to engineer bacteria to produce two different foot proteins, combined with bacterial proteins called curli fibers — fibrous proteins that can clump together and assemble themselves into much larger and more complex meshes.Lu’s team engineered bacteria so they would produce proteins consisting of curli fibers bonded to either mussel foot protein 3 or mussel foot protein 5. After purifying these proteins from the bacteria, the researchers let them incubate and form dense, fibrous meshes. The resulting material has a regular yet flexible structure that binds strongly to both dry and wet surfaces.“The result is a powerful wet adhesive with independently functioning adsorptive and cohesive moieties,” said Herbert Waite, a professor of chemistry and biochemistry at the University of California at Santa Barbara, who was not part of the research team.The researchers tested the adhesives using atomic force microscopy, a technique that probes the surface of a sample with a tiny tip. They found that the adhesives bound strongly to tips made of three different materials — silica, gold, and polystyrene. Adhesives assembled from equal amounts of mussel foot protein 3 and mussel foot protein 5 formed stronger adhesives than those with a different ratio, or only one of the two proteins on their own.These adhesives were also stronger than naturally occurring mussel adhesives, and they are the strongest biologically inspired, protein-based underwater adhesives reported to date, the researchers say.Using this technique, the researchers can produce only small amounts of the adhesive, so they are now trying to improve the process and generate larger quantities. They also plan to experiment with adding some of the other mussel foot proteins.“We’re trying to figure out if by adding other mussel foot proteins, we can increase the adhesive strength even more and improve the material’s robustness,” Lu says.The team also plans to try to create “living glues” consisting of films of bacteria that could sense damage to a surface and then repair it by secreting an adhesive. The research was funded by the Office of Naval Research, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes of Health.[mappress]Press Release; September 22, 2014: Image: Yan LiangYan
Children’s charities have called for ground rules to be enforced in court to prevent the exploitation of young witnesses. A report released this week by the NSPCC and Nuffield Foundation found that inadequate procedures and a lack of training for legal professionals were having detrimental effects on both the youngsters and their evidence. The report, a progress update on the 2009 study Measuring Up, said that intermediaries must be deployed to help children understand questions, and specialist schemes set up to offer tailored victim support. It also recommended that judges, barristers and solicitor- advocates receive extra guidance on how best to question vulnerable youngsters. ‘Current cross-examination methods often contravene principles for obtaining complete and accurate reports from children and may actually exploit their developmental limitations,’ it said. ‘Judges are advised in Judicial College guidance to agree ground rules with the parties in advance on the way children are to be questioned, but this rarely happens unless a registered intermediary is involved. ‘Ground rules should be routine, even in non-intermediary cases.’ The number of children called as witnesses in criminal cases, often as victims and usually by the prosecution, has risen sharply in recent years, from around 30,000 in 2006/07 to 48,000 in 2008/09. In a 14-month period examined by the report, children aged five and under were assessed by a regional intermediary in 114 cases. The report said that while young witnesses must be enabled to give their best evidence for a fair trial, this has to be done in a way that recognises they are children and not adults.
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To continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access SIGN UP TODAY
Trump authorizes looser shipping regulations for Puerto Rico Do you see a typo or an error? Let us know. Democrats unveil billboard of Trump tossing paper towels House passes disaster aid package opposed by Trump WASHINGTON (CNN) The White House has authorized a waiver to loosen shipping rules regarding Puerto Rico that island officials say would be a significant help for recovery efforts from Hurricane Maria.“At @ricardorossello request, @POTUS has authorized the Jones Act be waived for Puerto Rico. It will go into effect immediately,” White House press secretary Sarah Sanders tweeted Thursday morning. Recommended Author: CNN He joined the growing list of officials who argued that lifting the the Jones Act — a federal law designed to protect the financial interests of US shipbuilders by limiting shipping by foreign vessels — would help expedite supplies to the ravaged island. The act has had the unintended consequence of making it twice as expensive to ship things from the US mainland to Puerto Rico as it is to ship from any other foreign port in the world, according to Arizona Republican Sen. John McCain’s office.he act was quickly lifted to help Texas and Florida in the wake of hurricanes Harvey and Irma. The Department of Homeland Security said it was able to lift the restrictions quickly because the Department of Defense requested a waiver for those states and the department hadn’t yet done so for Puerto Rico.Trump told reporters on Wednesday that “we’re thinking” about lifting the law, but added that a “lot of shippers” didn’t want it lifted.In the wake of the devastation in Puerto Rico caused by Hurricane Maria, San Juan Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz — along with other US politicians, including McCain and Marco Rubio, R-Florida — had urged the suspension of the Jones Act in order to speed up supply deliveries. Her tweet comes after Puerto Rico Gov. Ricardo Rosselló said he asked the White House to loosen the regulations Wednesday night. SHARE Published: September 28, 2017 8:50 AM EDT Updated: September 28, 2017 9:03 AM EDT
A solicitor firm which set up as a Bar Standards Board entity earlier this year has opted for the bar’s client account scheme as a secure way of holding client money. Robin Charrot, co-founder of Evolve Family Law, said the firm signed up with the Barco escrow scheme after realising it was ‘not the expensive product we thought it was’. Paul Mosson, director of services at the Bar Council, said a number of solicitors had shown interest in using the account, which levies a fee of 2% of the total legal costs of a transaction.
MAURITANIA: Société Nationale Industrielle et Minière has awarded Electro-Motive Diesel a contract to supply six SD70ACS heavy haul diesel locomotives with AC traction motors, the manufacturer announced on October 20. To be delivered from late 2011 they will allow the operation of heavier mineral trains through the harsh desert environment on the 700 km route from the mines to the port of Nouadhibou.Each locomotive will have an isolated and air-conditioned tropical cab featuring a customised roof design to help dissipate heat when operating through desert temperatures of 50°C. They will also feature pulse filtration and movable sand ploughs. The order will bring the total number of EMD locomotives operating in Mauritania to 44. ‘SNIM has one of the most efficient and productive mining operations’, said Ramzi Imad, EMD’s Regional Director for Middle East & North Africa. ‘They operate an all EMD fleet at 97% availability, which is one the highest rates of the North African and Middle East region, and we are proud of our 30-year relationship with SNIM.’
NewsRegional C’bean countries urged to brace for floods by: Caribbean Media Corporation – February 16, 2016 BRIDGETOWN, Barbados (CMC) – The Barbados-based Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH) is warning regional countries that they should brace themselves for floods as the drought conditions which have affected the region since late 2014 are expected to subside by the start of the 2016 Hurricane Season.CIMH said this latest forecast comes after many months of “warmer and drier than average conditions in the Caribbean fuelled by El Niño, a warming of the eastern equatorial Pacific which has implications for weather patterns around the world, including drought in many regions”.CIMH said that after the forecasted weakening of El Niño, its counterpart La Niña “a cooling of the Pacific may take over and affect the region in the latter part of 2016.“If the change in circumstance takes place, it is likely to result in higher than normal rainfall and stronger storm systems,” the CIMH said in its latest forecast, which it said will be further discussed at a news conference here on Wednesday.It said that while near to above average rainfall is expected to ease the drought across the Caribbean later this year, “CIMH advises that areas experiencing long-term dryness will be more susceptible to hazards such as landslides and flash floods, once rains return excessive amounts.Agrometeorologist and CIMH Chief of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Adrian Trotman, said “limited rainfall over the last few months has left many parts of the Caribbean with dry, compacted soils.“As a result, heavy rainfall will not be easily absorbed by affected soil which increases the risk of flooding,” Trotman said, adding that recent advances in climate forecasting services for the Caribbean now means that government planners and other bodies can now make important decisions based on seasonal forecasts up to three to six months in advance.“We know that advanced warning of an extreme event like a hurricane can help us to be more prepared. The same now applies for longer-term climatic events and this means that the sooner we can have an early warning of changing conditions the longer time we have to prepare and be more effective at mitigating those impacts.”CIMH said it will host the news conference to “discuss what the forecast means for the Caribbean, and in particular how its early climate warning information products can help the region’s six climate-sensitive sectors — agriculture, disaster management, energy, health, tourism and water – prepare for and adapt to what is expected to be a more intense wet / hurricane season”. 649 Views no discussions Share Share Share Sharing is caring! Tweet